The human-rights-based approach is a conceptual framework for human development that, from a policy point of view, is based on human rights international rules, and from an operating point of view, focuses on the promotion and protection of human rights. (OHCHR, 2006).

Its main goal is to identify and analyze the inequalities that are part of development’s most significant problems, in order to address discriminatory practices and unfair power relationships hampering progress. This vision implies overcoming the concept of right, originally conceived as a legal item, so it also embraces the needs, possibilities and strategies that must be deployed as a way to ensure its accomplishment and development. The social plans, policies and programs must promote the fulfilment of rights and the improvement of the capacity by their holders to exercise them.